Hospital Acquired Infections

a) An infection acquired in hospital by a patient who was admitted for a reason other than that infection.

b) An infection occurring in a patient in a hospital or other health care facility in whom the infection was not present or incubating at the time of admission. This includes infections acquired in the hospital but appearing after discharge, and also occupational infections among staff of the facility.
Communicable diseases account for about 38% of the disease burden with large variation across states. New or re-emerging diseases have highlighted the importance of public health system including surveillance, rapid response capacity, infection control and timely health information”
• Do we want to control the super bugs such as Swine Flue, AIDS, HIV etc ?
• Edana (European association of non woven manufacturers)has estimated hospital acquired infection at 25% for the
developing countries. Do we want to continue with hospital acquired infection at such a high rate ?
• Do we want international standard medical facilities in India ?
Hospital-acquired infections increase the cost of health care.
It is estimated that HAIs incur an estimated $28 to $33 billion in excess healthcare costs each year.
“Ten to thirty percent patient admitted to hospitals & nursing homes in India acquire HAI as against five percent in the west”- REETA DUTTA (Member of Hospital Infection Society (HIS) Mumbai, INDIA)

“WHO has recommended use of disposable personal protective equipment’s i.e. apron, mask, gown, cap, gloves etc in its practical guidelines for infection control in health care facilities”



Sources of HAI:
Inadequate sterilization and disinfection practices and inadequate cleaning of hospitals & of different articles being used in hospitals.
Reuse of different infectious material like bed sheets, pillow covers, stretcher sheets, patient examination sheets etc.

Consequences of HAI:
• Prolongation of hospital stay.
• Additional morbidity.
• Mortality Increase.
• Long term physical & neurological consequences.
• Extra surgical procedure.
• Escalation in the total cost of care.

• For avoiding this the best way is not to use the bed sheets & pillow covers again & again.
• Use of disposable non woven medical fabrics play an important role in reducing hospital infections.
• International studies have indicated that single-use non woven products reduced infection by 2.5 times compared to traditional textiles.
• International studies have shown that 56% of reusable textiles had significant defects that could seriously compromise their performances.
• Non wovens are compatible with multiple sterilization methods such as steam, ETO, gamma ( depending on composition).
• The possible solution to this problem lies in using ‘Disposable Bed Sheets, Pillow Covers & Underpads.